Thoracic ganglion
The thoracic ganglia possess motor centers that control important behaviors, such as flight, walking, and vocalization. The motor centers residing in thoracic or abdominal ganglia autonomously express and correct motor patterns in response to their own local sensory inputs (trigger inputs) largely without depending on inputs from the brain. However, the initiation and maintenance of their motor patterns are generally controlled by descending interneurons from the brain.

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