Comparative Behavioral Physiology of Invertebrates

Insects exhibit a variety of behaviors such as simple reflexes and innate programmed behaviors. Behaviors can also be modified by learning and memory in contexts of classical and operant conditioning making use of sensory clues. The most complex behaviors are observed in intraspecific interactions such as courtship and social behaviors, that have evolved in some insect orders. Since sensory stimuli are involved in most behaviors and these are controlled by the nervous system, we give and overview over important sensory organs and the structure and function of insect brains in relation to behavior. Particular emphasis is put on the comparative presentation of the data to show the diversity of designs that have evolved.

1. Comparative description of various behaviors, receptor organs and structure and function of central nervous systems of invertebrates

   ■Comparative Table

2. Foundations of insect neuroscience

   ■ Insect sensory system
   ■ Insect nervous system
   ■ Insect behavior
   ■ Sensory processing and its involvement in insect behhvior
   ■ Methods for investigating neurons

3. Current developments

   Insect-machine hybrid system
Todai Research: Blueprint of an insect-mimetic robot
Reconstructing an insect brain using a next-generation super computer
   External control of insect behavior and neurorehabilitation

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